Mary T. Barra
Chairman and CEO
Barra became the first female chief executive to lead a major automaker when she was named CEO in January 2014. She was elected chairman of the GM Board of Directors in January 2016. Barra is an engineer who has worked for GM for more than 30 years. Previously, she was executive vice president of global product development, purchasing and supply chain, and senior vice president, global product development. In these roles, she was responsible for the design, engineering, program management, and quality of GM vehicles worldwide. Barra has also served as vice president, global human resources; vice president, global manufacturing engineering; and manager of the Detroit Hamtramck assembly plant. She serves on the board of directors of the Walt Disney Co. and the Stanford University Board of Trustees.
Reuss leads the company’s regional operations, including North America, South America, China, and General Motors International. GM’s global product development team, led by executive VP Doug Parks, also reports to Reuss, as does global design, global quality, and operational excellence. Reuss serves on the board of GM China’s joint venture, Shanghai General Motors Co., Ltd., and is a member of the GM senior leadership team. Reuss became GM president in January 2019 and expanded his role to include the regional responsibilities in November 2019. In 2018, he added global Cadillac and global product planning to his responsibilities and continues to lead them today. From 2013-2018, Reuss was executive vice president, global product development, purchasing, and supply chain, and led program management of GM cars, trucks, and crossovers worldwide.
Executive Vice President, President, GM China
Since July 2020, Blissett has overseen GM’s business in China. Prior to this appointment, he was responsible for GM’s operations outside the Americas and China, including Korea, Australia, Southeast Asia, India, and the Middle East. Prior to that, he was executive vice president of SAIC-GM and a member of the SAIC-GM Executive Committee. A native of the United Kingdom, Blissett began his GM career in 1996 with Central Engineering at Opel Polska. Since then, he has held various management positions of increasing responsibility.
Executive Vice President, SAIC-GM-Wuling, GM China
Devereux is based at SAIC-GM-Wuling’s headquarters in Liuzhou, Guangxi, and reports to Matt Tsien, GM executive vice president and president of GM China. Drawing on his experience in sales, marketing, engineering, manufacturing, and product development, Devereux plays a key role in strengthening SAIC-GM-Wuling’s brands and the growth of its product lineup. He most recently served as VP, sales, marketing, and aftersales at GM International.
Executive Vice President and President, GM North America
Engle is responsible for operations in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Central America, as well as global Chevrolet. He serves on the board of GM China’s joint venture, Shanghai General Motors Co., Ltd., and is a member of GM’s senior leadership team. As VP and president, South America, since 2015, Engle was responsible for GM’s operations in Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. In October 2017, he took over all GM operations outside of North America and China.
Engle will be replaced by Steve Carlisle effective Sept. 1, 2020.
Executive Vice President and General Counsel
Glidden leads a team of attorneys who serve GM’s regional and functional operations in more than 30 countries. Previously, he was executive vice president and chief legal officer for LyondellBasell, one of the world’s largest plastics, chemical, and refining companies. He has also served as senior vice president, general counsel, and corporate secretary of Chevron Phillips Chemical Co. Glidden received a Bachelor of Arts from Tulane University and a juris doctor with high honors from Florida State University.
Executive Vice President, Global Manufacturing
turing engineering, and labor relations organizations, and is a member of the GM senior leadership team. Since August 2017, Johnson served as vice president of North America manufacturing and labor relations, with responsibility for the safety, productivity, and quality performance of 80,000-plus employees at more than 40 assembly, stamping, propulsion, and component operations in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Randall D. Mott
Executive Vice President, Global Information Technology, Chief Information Officer
Mott is responsible for the company’s global IT strategy and all IT assets. He’s a member of the GM senior leadership team and reports to Chairman and CEO Mary Barra. Before coming to GM in February 2012, Mott was executive vice president and chief information officer of Hewlett-Packard, where he was responsible for all IT, including companywide application development, data management, technology infrastructure, data center operations, and telecommunication networks worldwide.
Doug L. Parks
Executive Vice President, Global Product Development, Purchasing and Supply Chain
Parks reports to GM President Mark Reuss. Prior to this appointment, Parks was the VP, autonomous and electric vehicle programs, since February 2016. In that role, Parks launched Super Cruise, the industry’s first hands-free driving technology for compatible highways on the 2018 Cadillac CT6. He oversaw the engineering team behind the Cruise AV, a production-intent autonomous vehicle built from the ground up without driver controls and with all the hardware necessary to operate safely on its own.
Executive Vice President; Chief Financial Officer
Suryadevara is responsible for leading the company’s global financial and accounting operations. She succeeds former CFO Chuck Stevens, who retired in March 2019. She was named vice president, corporate finance, in July 2017 and was responsible for investor relations, corporate financial planning and analysis, and special projects. As vice president, finance, and treasurer from 2015 to 2017, she oversaw capital planning, capital market activities, and worldwide banking.
Executive Vice President; Chief Technology Officer
Prior to this position, Tsien oversaw GM’s business in China. Previously, as vice president of planning and program management for GM China and GM International, and Strategic Alliances for China, he was GM’s leading voice across the region and helped oversee the growth of its product lineup. Tsien worked in Australia and China in a variety of technical, program management, and planning assignments. He supported GM’s negotiations with SAIC for its early joint ventures, and crafted GM China’s initial five-year business plan.
Daniel E. Berce
Senior Vice President, President and CEO, GM Financial
Berce has held these positions at GM Financial since October 2010, when GM purchased the company. Previously, he served as vice chairman, president, treasurer, CEO, and CFO of AmeriCredit Corp. Before that, Berce was an auditor with Coopers & Lybrand for nearly 16 years, and was a partner with the firm. Prior to joining AmeriCredit, Berce was an auditor with Coopers & Lybrand for 14 years and was a partner with the firm. He’s a certified public accountant and is a graduate of Regis University in Denver.
Kimberly (Kim) J. Brycz
Senior Vice President, Global Human Resources
Brycz leads an HR team and systems that build enterprise-wide employee engagement, develop talent, and support strategic planning at all levels. Previously, she served as executive director, global product purchasing, where she oversaw GM’s $80B annual global product spending as well as customer care and aftersales purchasing. Brycz was instrumental in transforming supplier relationships by providing strategic solutions to future sourcing and supplier engagement.
Senior Vice President, Global Communications
Bucholz, who came to General Motors Co. from Proctor and Gamble, is responsible for the company’s overall global communications strategy, including products and brands, corporate, social media, executive support, and internal communications. He also oversees General Motors’ corporate giving activities. Bucholz is a member of the senior leadership team and is a senior adviser to CEO Mary Barra. He holds a law degree from Drexel University and a bachelor’s degree in journalism and public relations from Temple University.
Stephen K. Carlisle
Senior Vice President and President, Cadillac
Carlisle had been president and managing director of GM Canada since 2014, and was responsible for sales and marketing for all vehicle classes and brands, aftersales, dealer support, operations, manufacturing, and engineering. Carlisle began his GM career in 1982 as an industrial engineering co-op student at the Oshawa truck assembly plant. He has served as VP of global product planning and program management, VP of U.S. sales operations, and president of Southeast Asia operations.
Ann Cathcart Chaplin
Deputy General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer
Chaplin’s team manages legal affairs for GM in North America, focusing on employment, organizational transformation, and regulatory compliance. She was previously GM’s deputy general counsel, with responsibility for autonomous and transportation services, customer experience, litigation, product development, and related strategic and regulatory issues. Chaplin joined GM in 2015 as deputy general counsel of litigation. Previously, she was an equity principal at the law firm of Fish & Richarson.
Senior Vice President, Global Public Policy
Eissenstat is responsible for leading General Motors’ engagement on key policies impacting the company’s business, its customers, and its employees. Before joining GM, he worked in the White House as the deputy assistant to the president for international economic affairs and deputy director of the National Economic Council. Jointly appointed to the National Security Council and the National Economic Council, he led the White House international economic team.
Senior Vice President, General Motors South America, and International Operations
Kiefer is a member of the GM senior leadership team and is responsible for GM operations outside of North America and China. Based in Detroit, his mandate is to deliver profitable growth in each market in which GM competes. Prior to this role, he spent five years as senior VP, global purchasing and supply chain. Kiefer began his career in 1983 as a college co-op student with the GM North American car group. He has held various leadership roles within GM and Delphi throughout his career.
Vice President, GM Defense
Albritton is the lead executive and general manager of General Motors Defense, LLC, GM’s new business entity focused on providing a variety of innovative and advanced automotive technologies and services to the global aerospace, defense, and security industries. Before, he was GM’s executive director, product development and international communications, where he was responsible for the development and execution of communication strategies for advanced engineering.
Vice President, Global Buick–GMC
Aldred provides senior leadership and strategic direction for Buick and GMC sales, service, and marketing. His goal is to increase positive opinion for both premium brands, and to transform those opinions into profitable sales growth. Aldred had been chairman and managing director of Vauxhall Motors and CEO of Opel Ireland, based in Great Britain. He joined GM in 1990 at Vauxhall’s Ellesmere Port plant near Liverpool, and he worked in various positions at Vauxhall. He graduated from Liverpool John Moores University.
Vice President, Global Purchasing and Supply Chain
Amin is responsible for the strategic direction of GM’s worldwide purchasing, supply chain, and logistics operations. He’s focused on collaborating with GM’s 20,000 global suppliers to deliver vehicle quality, innovation, and value to GM customers. Prior to this role, Amin was GM’s executive director of global purchasing interiors and exteriors, and led a team of 200 members and more than 600 suppliers. Amin began his career with GM in 1996, as a product engineer.
Vice President, Global Connected Services
Chamorro’s role is to advance the vision for GM’s innovative connected vehicle technologies, including oversight of OnStar’s safety and security services and in-vehicle connectivity. Global Connected Services provides OnStar and connected services to 20 million members across the United States, Canada, China, Mexico, Europe, and South America. Chamorro is a 25-year GM veteran with experience in marketing, sales, management, and economics.
Vice President, Workforce Strategy, Global Human Resources
Clegg is responsible for integrating global workforce development and engagement strategies across the enterprise, primarily among the manufacturing, labor relations, global public policy, legal, and human resources functions. She also serves as an adviser to senior leadership in support of GM’s manufacturing and labor relations initiatives, and she’s the lead support staff to CEO Mary Barra for GM’s involvement in the Business Roundtable. Clegg previously served as VP, business intelligence, global public policy.
Mary Ann Combs
Vice President, Global Vehicle Safety
Combs has global responsibility for the safety development of GM vehicle systems, confirmation and validation of safety performance, as well as post-sale safety activities, including recalls. Previously, as executive director and global functional leader of validation, she led the global team responsible for ensuring GM’s components, systems, and vehicles are validated to meet safety, regulatory, and customer requirements. She is a member of the Society of Women Engineers.
Vice President, Innovation and R&D
Fletcher leads the teams at GM whose mission is to disrupt the traditional automotive industry. She directs seven R&D laboratories around the world that focus on future mobility technologies such as battery chemistry, mixed materials sciences, smart manufacturing systems, and vehicle-to-infrastructure technology. Her teams were responsible for developing the Chevrolet Volt and the Chevrolet Bolt EV, the industry’s first mass-market, long-range, affordable electric vehicle.
Vice President, Global Quality and Operational Excellence
Francavilla is responsible for leading GM’s global quality efforts, which are aimed at providing the highest-quality vehicles possible. In late 2017, his responsibilities expanded to include leadership over GM’s Operational Excellence. He brings to the role in-depth knowledge and global experience in manufacturing, engineering, and supplier quality. Prior to his new role, Francavilla served in a variety of senior roles within the Quality organization, including executive director of global supplier quality.
Vice President, Global Workplace Safety
Glynn’s team supports GM leadership in its mission to keep GM’s 171,000 employees, 85,000 contractors, and numerous visitors safe at GM’s more than 243 sites worldwide. During his 40-year career, Glynn has worked at seven plants with diverse manufacturing operations, including forging, die casting, machining, stamping, and vehicle assembly. Most recently, he lived and worked in Singapore, where he had responsibility for more than 70 plants located across nine time zones throughout Asia and Australia.
Vice President of Investor Relations; Treasurer
Gupta is responsible for leading the company’s global treasury operations including capital planning, capital markets, operations, and worldwide banking activities. Before becoming treasurer, Gupta was the chief investment officer and chief executive officer of General Motors Asset Management Corp., GM’s investment management subsidiary. In that role, he handled approximately $70 billion of assets under management. Gupta joined GM as an engineering co-op in 1987.
Vice President, Cadillac North America Sales, Service and Marketing
Harvey leads the North America sales, aftersales, retail marketing, and global dealer network team in achieving Cadillac’s growth targets by focusing on the basics of the business and developmental opportunities. He collaborates with Cadillac CMO Melissa Grady to jointly own retail marketing initiatives, in alignment with the brand strategy. Previously, Harvey served as chairman and managing director of Vauxhall Motors, Ltd., in the U.K. He graduated from Coventry Polytechnic in the U.K.
Christopher T. Hatto
Vice President, Controller, and Chief Accounting Officer
Hatto is responsible for global leadership and oversight for external reporting, technical accounting matters, the development of new accounting policies, and internal controls. He’s also responsible for reporting financial results to the company’s senior leadership and the board of directors’ Audit Committee. Hatto joined GM in 2007 as the assistant controller. He held subsequent regional controllership positions and worked at Chevrolet, Buick, and GMC. He previously worked at Goldman Sachs.
James E. Hentschel
Vice President, Global Safety Systems and Integration
Hentschel oversees the implementation of safety, compliance, systems engineering, supplier quality, and performance across global vehicles. His group ensures safety, while exceeding customer requirements and government regulations to deliver the best vehicles for a great customer experience. Before this, Hentschel was executive director and global functional leader for GM’s global advanced vehicle development, innovation, and computer-aided engineering group.
Vice President, Global Product Programs
Herrick leads an international team in the design, engineering, development, and validation of the GM portfolio, including specialty, performance, and motorsports programs, across the full product development timeline. He began his GM career in 1983 as a reliability engineer at the Janesville, Wis., truck assembly plant. Herrick has experience as a development engineer and design release engineer. He was promoted to vehicle chief engineer in 2000. Herrick earned an MBA in 1991 from Wayne State University in Detroit.
Global Vice President of Customer Experience
Hester is responsible for maximizing customer engagement across the company. He reports to Barry Engle, executive VP, GM North America, and GM President Mark Reuss. He had served as president and managing director of GM Canada since April 2018. Before that, he was VP, global chief engineers and program management, where he led a team of executive chief engineers and program managers overseeing specific groups of vehicles from inception to launch and beyond. He previously was an engineer at Cadillac.
Vice President, U.S. Sales and Service, and Chevrolet
Hill is responsible for overseeing U.S. sales operations of Buick-GMC and GM Fleet, as well as Chevrolet’s U.S. sales, service, and marketing operations. In past roles, Hill has served as vice president of GM’s Customer Care and Aftersales division, which oversees vehicle service, parts, and other operations in GM’s North America retail network. He also served as general sales manager for the premium channel (Cadillac-Hummer-Saab). Hill began his GM career in 1983 and moved on to sales and marketing.
Vice President, Global Vehicle Components and Subsystems
Kelzer’s role and organization comprise engineering operations, components development, advanced vehicle development, and other engineering business initiatives. He joined GM as an intern in 1982, and most recently was vice president of General Motors Europe’s powertrain engineering. Some of Kelzer’s prior roles include executive chief engineer of full-size and midsize vehicles, and global vehicle chief engineer for rear-wheel drive and performance vehicles.
Vice President, North America Manufacturing and Labor Relations
Kienle is responsible for the safety, productivity, and quality performance of over 80,000 employees at more than 40 assembly, stamping, propulsion, and component operations in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Prior to this assignment, Kienle was vice president of manufacturing, GM International, and GM China manufacturing since September 2017, where he led manufacturing operations in seven countries and managed GM’s manufacturing interests in three GM China joint ventures.
Vice President, Chevrolet Marketing
Majoros has more than 25 years of automotive advertising and marketing experience, beginning in 1988 in the traffic department of advertising agency Campbell-Ewald and eventually heading the shop’s Chevrolet account. He joined GM in 2013 as director, global Cadillac. Since moving into the role of director, Chevrolet cars and crossover marketing in 2014, Majoros has been instrumental in the launch of the 2020 mid-engine Corvette and direct-to-consumer marketing for the Bolt EV.
Vice President, Autonomous and Electrification Vehicle Programs
Morris leads the global team of executive chief engineers and program managers who oversee GM’s autonomous and electric vehicle, electric drive, battery, and fuel cell programs from inception to launch and beyond. He’s also responsible for the initiatives associated with the commercialization of EVs and AVs, and infrastructure improvements. Previously, Morris was VP of global product programs, leading the global team that oversees conventional GM vehicle, engine, and transmission programs as well as performance accessories.
Vice President, Global Electrification Controls, Software and Electronics
Nicholson is responsible for all electrified propulsion products including batteries and electric drive units. He’s also responsible for all electronic control systems and strategies, software, and associated electronic hardware for all GM products globally. Prior to this assignment, Nicholson was VP, global propulsion systems. In that role he was responsible for all propulsion products including engines, transmissions, fuel cells, electric drive units, and batteries. He is an SAE fellow.
Vice President, Sustainable Workplaces; Chief Sustainability Officer
Appointed Jan. 16, 2020. Parker leads GM’s sustainability strategy, including the alignment of efforts toward its goal of a zero-emissions future. His organization ensures the responsible use, consumption, and production of materials, and he leads GM’s efforts as a global advocate for environmentally sensitive manufacturing and renewable energy. Parker’s other global responsibilities include facility design, engineering, construction and operations, and energy procurement, among others.
Vice President, GM Global Design
Simcoe had been vice president of GM International Design since 2014. In that role, he led GM’s production and advanced studios in Korea, Australia, and India. Simcoe joined GM in 1983 as a designer at Holden in Australia, and was Holden’s brand champion. In 2003, as executive director of Asia Pacific design, he led the development of the new GM Korea design operations. Simcoe later became executive director of North American exterior design. He also led the team responsible for the Buick Avenir concept.
Vice President, Electric Vehicle Commercialization and Industrialization
Spina is responsible for developing the partnerships, incentives, and investments needed to create the necessary electric vehicle charging infrastructure that will enable acceptance of electrification. Before this, he served as vice president of GM global portfolio planning and was executive chief engineer of crossover sport utility vehicles, leading product development, profitability, and quality initiatives for all new and existing products. Spina was also executive director, global product programs.
U.S. Vice President, Dealer Operations and Innovation
Sweeney is responsible for leading the dealer operations support function for 4,200 GM dealers in the United States, championing cross-brand dealer profitability. He’s also charged with developing the vision and strategy for GM’s retail experience of the future, including leading GM’s battery electric vehicle ecosystem strategy across the enterprise. Sweeney joined GM in 1990 and has held sales and service assignments at GMC, Pontiac, and GM vehicle sales, service, and marketing.
Vice President, Global Customer Care and Aftersales
Turvey has global oversight for customer care and aftersales, including driving customer retention throughout the ownership lifecycle by ensuring global service engineering readiness for launch vehicles, service parts planning and procurement, warehousing and logistics, the parts distribution network, and service, sales, and marketing support for the GM North America dealer and the independent aftermarket channels. Turvey previously served as executive director of GM North America Customer Care and Aftersales.
Vice President, Cadillac China General Director of Cadillac Sales Marketing, SAIC-GM
Weller previously served as director of global Cadillac dealer network development in the U.S. He also served as VP of Cadillac Europe and Russia, which was later expanded to include the Middle East and Israel. Weller began his GM career in 2014 as managing director of Cadillac Middle East. Before joining GM, he was director of dealer development and, later, director of sales in the Middle East for Audi. He spent 10 years with Mercedes-Benz in Germany.
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, SAIC-GM
Based in Shanghai, Westenberg oversees all financial operations in China, including the joint ventures. Prior to his current role, he held several important leadership positions, including GM vice president and treasurer. Before becoming treasurer, Westenberg was executive director, corporate financial planning and analysis, with responsibility for GM’s financial forecasting, budgeting, and medium-term planning activities, as well as for leading the finance team.
Vice President, Global Manufacturing Engineering
Wiese’s global team of 5,000 has manufacturing engineering responsibility for automotive press, body, paint, assembly, controls, powertrain, and global program management. He has 40 years of experience in manufacturing and manufacturing engineering. His previous roles include executive director of product industrialization; executive director, manufacturing engineering vehicle body center; and plant manager at the Oshawa (Canada) Truck Assembly. Wiese has a strong reputation for relationship-building.
Ken J. Barrett
Global Chief Diversity Officer
As General Motors’ first global chief diversity officer, Barrett leads the company’s diversity and inclusion portfolio, which includes workforce diversity strategy, empowering employee resource groups, and fostering an inclusive culture that promotes diversity of thought to help GM compete and win in the marketplace. Before joining GM in 2012, Barrett served as the undersecretary of defense’s acting director of the Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity in Washington, D.C.
President and Managing Director, GM Canada
Bell is a member of the Canadian Executive Council and GM Canada’s board of directors. He reports to Barry Engle, executive VP and president, GM North America. Prior to his current role, Bell was VP, sales, service, and marketing for GM Canada and was responsible for marketing, sales, and service for Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick and GMC. As director of sales operations at Buick-GMC, Bell was responsible for helping the sales and dealer organizations to position the brands for the future.
President and Managing Director, General Motors de Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Garza succeeds Ernesto Hernandez, who retired in 2019 after a 40-year career. Previously, Garza was vice president, vehicle sales, service, and marketing at GM de Mexico. He joined General Motors de Mexico in August 2011 as vice president, vehicle sales, service, and marketing, assuming responsibility for the development and implementation of go-to-market strategies for Chevrolet, Buick, GMC, and Cadillac, and for managing and maintaining close relationships with dealers.
Global Chief Marketing Officer, Cadillac
Grady leads strategic marketing for the Cadillac brand around the world, building on the transformational work that has taken place over the past several months. She brings extensive experience in leading teams across multiple industries and organizations, from entrepreneurial ventures to Fortune 500 companies. Before joining Cadillac, Grady was senior vice president, digital and e-commerce, at tax service Jackson Hewitt and vice president, digital acquisition and measurement, at MetLife.
President and CEO, GM Korea
Kazem began his career with GM in 1995 at GM Holden in Australia as a senior engineer, and later held several leadership positions in GM Holden’s manufacturing operations. He became vice president of manufacturing and quality for GM Thailand/ASEAN in 2009. He was appointed president and managing director of GM Uzbekistan in 2012. Kazem was the president and managing director for GM India before assuming his current role. He holds an MBA from La Trobe University.
Chief Product Cyber Security Officer
Tierney’s team develops and implements security control strategies to reduce the risks associated with cybersecurity threats related to the vehicle and vehicle connected services. His organization includes vehicle system penetration testing, cyber risk management, incident response, autonomous vehicle security architecture, telecommunications and OnStar security, and governance. Prior to this role, he was director, vehicle architecture cybersecurity, where he managed supply chain security.
Global Chief Marketing Officer
Wahl previously served as the global chief marketing officer of Cadillac, where she redefined the brand’s strategy and played an instrumental role in the leadership team that broke a global sales record in 2018. Rooted firmly in the school of performance marketing, Wahl drives her teams to use data to change the way they seek and engage with consumers. As GM global CMO, she drives GM’s marketing organization to build on its success and accelerate growth by ensuring alignment to provide more effective customer engagement.
General Motors Co. Board of Directors
Mary T. Barra
Chairman and CEO, General Motors Co.
Wesley G. Bush
Retired Chairman, Northrop Grumman Corp.
Linda R. Gooden
Retired Executive Vice President, Information Systems & Global Solutions, Lockheed Martin Corp.
Retired CEO, Novartis AG
Jane L. Mendillo
Retired President and CEO, Harvard Management Co.
CEO and Vice Chairman, Kissinger Associates Inc.
Patricia F. Russo
Chairman, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise Co.
Thomas M. Schoewe
Retired Executive Vice President and CFO, Wal-Mart Stores Inc.
Theodore M. Solso
Independent Lead Director, General Motors Co., Retired Chairman and CEO, Cummins Inc.
Carol M. Stephenson
Retired Dean, Ivey Business School, The University of Western Ontario
Devin N. Wenig
Former President and CEO, eBay Inc.
To view GM’s Board of Directors, please visit: gm.com/company/leadership/board-of-directors.html.
Big Three Management Ranks 2020
In 2008, DBusiness magazine began publishing a listing of the top auto executives at General Motors, Ford, and FCA-US. Since then, the automakers have undergone numerous executive changes and reassignments.