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Terms of Limitation

Nearly 20 years later, the merits of Michigan’s congressional term limits are still being hotly debated.

Terms of Limitation
Term-limited legislators have yet to deal with a costly state bureaucracy.

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Top Michigan Lobbyists By Expenditures
Rank Lobbyists Name / Organization 2009 2008 Change
1 Governmental Consultant Services Inc. $1,302,306 $1456,324 -11%
2 Kelly Cawthorne 1,082,419 856,229 26%
3 James H. Karoub Associates 871,506 1,001,441 -13%
4 Muchmore Harrington Smalley & Associates 731,176 633,945 15%
5 Wiener Associates 634.302 604,497 5%
6 Public Affairs Associates Inc. 576.079 576,497 0%
7 AARP 539.111 390,481 38%
8 Michigan Education Association 494,234 408,315 21%
9 Capitol Advocacy Services Group 415,514 180,000 131%
10 Kheder Davis & Associates Inc. 314,313 212,204 48%
11 National Federation of Independent Business 302,042 324,295 -7%
12 Capitol Affairs LLC 296,765 257,273 15%
13 Scofes & Associates Consulting Inc. 290,465 126,777 129%
14 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan 254,960 434,045 -41%
15 LGI Consulting 239,225 65,000 268%
16 Michigan Bell Telephone Co. 226,979 179,566 26%

17

Michigan Legislative Consultants Inc. 222,841 219,546 2%
18 Michigan Health & Hospital Association 216,479 432,378 -50%
19 Cusmano Kandler & Reed Inc. 211,050 256,562 -18%
20 Consumers Energy Co. 210,360 389,131 -46%
21 Knight Consulting 193,917 199,755 3%
22 Insurance Institute of Michigan 181,621 162,118 12%
23 Wayne State University 181,402 143,298 27%
24 Aft Michigan 174,863 170,328 3%
25 Ford Motor Co. 160,966 175,667 -8%

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